Overcoming Challenges in High-Power Electronics Manufacturing

Power electronics is a rapidly evolving field, driven by advancements in technology, increasing demand for energy efficiency, and the shift towards renewable energy sources.

Ensuring Reliability and Longevity with Advanced Surface Treatment

In the realm of high-power electronics, the drive towards miniaturization and higher performance has brought forth a set of intricate challenges. Ensuring the seamless integration of diverse materials is crucial for the reliability and longevity of power electronics that manage currents exceeding 1000 A. Imperfections like voids and oxidation on metal surfaces can severely compromise the performance and safety of these components.


Plasmatreat's Openair-Plasma® cleaning and activation, along with the innovative REDOX-Tool, provide advanced solutions to address these critical challenges effectively. By ensuring pristine, oxide-free surfaces, these innovations enhance adhesion, electrical performance, and overall reliability, paving the way for the next generation of high-performance electronics.

Key challenges include:

Voids in Solder Joints

  • Thermal and Electrical Impedance: Voids can reduce the thermal and electrical conductivity of solder joints. This can lead to hotspots, increased resistance, and potential failures due to overheating.
  • Mechanical Weakness: Voids compromise the mechanical integrity of solder joints, making them more susceptible to cracking and failure under thermal and mechanical stress.

Oxidation of Metal Surfaces

  • Poor Adhesion: Oxidized surfaces hinder proper bonding between materials, which can result in delamination or poor mechanical strength of the assembled components.
  • Inconsistent Soldering: Oxides create barriers that prevent solder from wetting and spreading uniformly, leading to weak and unreliable solder joints.

Material Compatibility

  • Thermal Expansion Mismatch: Different materials have different coefficients of thermal expansion. Without proper surface treatment and bonding techniques, thermal cycling can cause stresses that lead to delamination or cracking.
  • Chemical Incompatibility: Materials must be carefully selected and treated to prevent chemical reactions that can degrade performance or cause failures.

Flux Residue

  • Contamination: Flux residues can contaminate the assembly, leading to electrical shorts, corrosion, and reliability issues.
  • Cleaning Challenges: As components become smaller and more densely packed, removing flux residues without damaging the components becomes increasingly difficult.


  • Precision Requirements: Smaller components and finer pitches require extremely precise manufacturing processes. Even minor imperfections can lead to significant performance issues or failures.
  • Heat Dissipation: Efficient heat dissipation becomes more challenging as the size of components decreases, necessitating high-quality solder joints and materials to manage heat effectively

Long-Term Reliability

  • Environmental Exposure: Power electronics are often exposed to harsh environments, including high temperatures, humidity, and vibration. Ensuring that all materials and joints are free from voids and defects is critical for maintaining long-term reliability.
  • Aging and Degradation: Over time, materials can degrade, and joints can weaken. Voids and imperfections accelerate this process, leading to early failures.

How Plasmatreat Can Help with Openair-Plasma®

Improved Adhesion and Bonding

When using sintering processes, the parts will see higher temperatures, which can result in delamination issues. Plasmatreat has come up with a combined solution that first eliminates the oxide layer by the REDOX tool and secondly applies a nano layer to ensure a good bond with the mold material.


Oxide Reduction with the REDOX-Tool

The REDOX-Tool utilizes a combination of nitrogen and hydrogen in a tunnel concept. This process provides a pristine surface for subsequent processes. By eliminating oxide layers, the REDOX-Tool enhances electrical conductivity and reliability, which is crucial for high-performance electronic components like power modules and IGBTs.


Continuous and Efficient Processing

The REDOX-Tool supports continuous inline processing, allowing for the treatment of materials as they move through the production line. This reduces downtime and increases overall manufacturing throughput. Moreover, it ensures continuous process control for every part, leading to consistent quality and performance.


Reduction of Defects and Improved Yield Rates

The thorough cleaning and oxide reduction processes minimize the risk of voids and other defects, which are critical for the long-term reliability and performance of high-power electronics. Cleaner surfaces and improved bonding result in fewer defects and rework, leading to higher yield rates and reduced waste in production.


Environmental and Cost Benefits

By minimizing the reliance on chemical fluxes and cleaning agents, Plasmatreat's solutions reduce the environmental impact of the manufacturing process. Improved process efficiency, higher yields, and reduced consumable usage contribute to significant cost savings over time.